Climate conditions heighten wildfire risks under 30-30-30 phenomenon in Ceará

January 29, 2024
trees burned by wildfire

Understanding the “30-30-30” phenomenon

The term “30-30-30” refers to a set of climatic conditions that significantly increase the risk and intensity of wildfires.

This phenomenon encompasses three specific metrics: a temperature of 30 degrees Celsius or higher, a relative humidity of 30% or lower, and wind speeds of 30 km/h or greater.

These conditions collectively create an environment conducive to the rapid ignition and spread of wildfires, posing challenges for firefighting efforts.

Impact of the “30-30-30” in 2023

In 2023, the state of Ceará witnessed a significant increase in vegetation fires, with the Corpo de Bombeiros Militar do Estado do Ceará (CBMCE) reporting 261 incidents in the first half of the year.

This figure represents a significant increase from 2022, which saw 104 fires in the same period, and a decrease from 2021’s count of 465 fires.

Preventive measures and public safety

The CBMCE emphasizes the importance of preventive measures to mitigate the impact of such fires.

The body has been actively involved in combating vegetation fires and educating the public about the risks associated with the “30-30-30” conditions.

One crucial aspect of their outreach includes advising motorists on how to navigate safely in areas affected by smoke from wildfires, highlighting the increased risks of reduced visibility and potential road accidents.

FSJA Comment

The rising trend of wildfires under the “30-30-30” phenomenon in Ceará underscores the need for increased awareness and preparedness.

While the CBMCE’s efforts in firefighting and public safety education are commendable, the situation calls for a concerted response from all stakeholders.

Communities must be educated about fire prevention and safety protocols, particularly in regions prone to these climatic conditions.

The pattern observed in the fire incidents from 2021 to 2023 demonstrates the fluctuating nature of this issue, influenced by varying environmental factors.

Continuous monitoring, research, and adaptation of firefighting strategies are essential in effectively addressing this challenge.

The collaborative effort between the public, governmental bodies, and environmental agencies is pivotal in reducing the risks and impact of wildfires in the region.

Note: This article has been translated from Portuguese and may contain translation errors.

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